The following is a series of machine scanned and crudely proofed
transcriptions from a Science Fiction paperback entitled:
``The HAB Theory''
(C) 1976 by Allan W. Eckert
(of Nashville Tennessee)
P. O. Box 5755
Terre Haute Indiana 47805
In placing these excerts on the net, the poster believes that he
has not crossed the line of "fair use" in a copyrighted work.
Furthermore the book in question is 20 years out of print. I have had a request in to purchase
a copy from Amazon.com for over 6 months, with no reply.
I posted a personal review of the book on
Amazon.com and have recieved some genuinely interesting email
correspondance about this book from all over the world.
Link Here for a list of the reviews from Amazon.com
on this book as of 10/97. including a reviewer who suggests that there was
indeed a person whose initials were HAB and that he had a theory much
like that portrayed in this book.
Page vii carries an Author's Note:
"Many of the scientists mentioned in this
novel were actual people who lived in the past
and who performed the work as described in
this book. However those characters who are
portrayed in the pages of the story-line are
entirely fictional and any
Since there are frequent references to the works of scientists who
would have been alive in 1975, but who do not actually appear in
the book, there is reason to research if these are references to
actual published theories and discoveries
This is an extract of the comments made by Herbert Allen Boardman
on page 160 regarding the genesis of his theory:
"Part of the doctrine of geophysical science are the lame
explanations for the dealing with the recurring ice ages, periods
of history where the alleged advance and retreat of great glaciers
from the polar regions, advances and retreats which covered so much
of our globe and of which so much physical evidence remains.
"The more I delved into the actual physical evidence, the more
skeptical I became of the existing theories. There were many
pieces of physical evidence which, in certain respects appeared to
be at variance with the theories....
To make sure I hold your attention, let me say that unless
instant remedial action is taken, all of mankind and our
civilization will soon be destroyed."
"Oh Christ," thought the interviewer, "another goddamned
"You no doubt are thinking that I am insane, but I assure you
that such is not the case. I remind you that you agreed on being
my interviewer that you would hear out the entire basis of my
theory before reaching any conclusions.
Periodically, throughout the history of the earth - at intervals
ranging from 3,000 to 7000 years but averaging around 5,500 years
apart - great global cataclysms occur which effectively destroy
virtually all of whatever life forms or civilizations have
developed on the earth to that point. The cataclysm occurs when
the earth is badly thrown off balance due to a massive accumulation
of ice at the polar regions. As this polar ice grows and creates
and imbalance with it's enormous weight, a wobble begins to develop
in the rotation of the earth on it's axes. Year by year, as the
ice caps grow, the eccentricity of rotation increases until finally
a critical point is reached. At that point the tilt of the earth
reaches a point where it no longer can overcome the centrifugal
force of the spinning earth. With devastating suddenness, the
polar masses are thrown toward the point of greatest spin, which is
the equator. Quite abruptly, the areas which were polar now have
become equatorial, and vice versa. The resultant cataclysm is, of
course monumental across the entire face of the earth except at the
two points which become pivotal when the capsizing effect occurs.
In an effort to paint a better verbal picture for the interviewer,
Boardman made and analogy.
Picture the earth he said, "as a round ball spinning in place
on a glass tabletop, it's speed of spin very fast and constat.
Imagine then, that on the uppermost part of this spinning ball, you
drop a tiny glob of molten metal, just slightly off center. the
ball immediately begins to wobble... Add more metal, more weight
and that wobble becomes more pronounced. Add still more and the
eccentricity becomes so great the centrifugal force of the spinning
ball grips the weight and turns the entire ball so that the heavily
weighted portion is thrown to the outermost rim of the spin - the
imaginary line encircling the ball where the speed is greatest -
which is coincident with the imaginary line on earth known to us as
the equator. That is precisely what happens periodically to the
earth. The buildup of ice at the poles increases such proportions
and eccentricity that its weight is thrown some ninety degrees from
pole to equator.
As the earth is 26 miles greater in diameter when measured
around the equator, than when measured around the poles, on the
scale of the earth such a variance is far less than the
manufacturing tolerances of an ivory billiard ball.
As the process of solar warming of the oceans and the
corresponding evaporation of the oceans with the moisture thus
released precipitating again as rain or snow all over the earth,
the snows that fall on the polar caps do not melt or flow off at
anything like the rate at which they evaporate off of the land
elsewhere on earth. Snow at the poles impacts upon itself and
gradually turns in to glacial ice. As this process continues
without pause, as a normal physical course of events, the ice caps
continually increase in size. At a symposium of the Union of
Geodesy and geophysics, Dr Pyyotor Shoumsky reported studies
that prove conclusively that the south polar ice cap was growing at
a minimum rate of two hundred ninety three cubic miles of ice
annually. To put that number in perspective, Lake Erie contains
water totaling a hundred and nine cubic miles. Thus, a blanket of
ice forms on top of the existing ice at antarctica each year which
is almost three times the volume of water in Lake Erie. That is
equal to a layer of ice a mile wide and two miles high from New
York to Chicago. And this is the buildup of only one year! These
figures were confirmed by Franz Loewe of France and Malcolm
Mellors of Australia. There is no mistake.
"The present ice mass is considerably over five and a half
million square miles. If the South pole were over Chicago, that
would make a two mile thick slab of ice extending from Hudson's Bay
to Key West in Florida.,
"Even this wouldn't be a threat if it were perfectly centered
over the earth's axis of spin, but it is not and that's our
villain. The wobble was discovered by astronomers in 1885. It
amounted to only a fraction over and inch. By the mid 1930's this
had increased to just over six feet. In 1970, the radial movement
was close to eighty yards. And right now (1978) the wobble is
approaching a half-mile in radius.
"There is no known means of calculating the point at which
rollover will occur. It could conceivably happen with another
fraction of an inch of added eccentricity. Then again, it might be
able to add another mile or more. Eventually, thought, it'll reach
that critical point of no return and the capsizing effect will
occur with essentially nor warning. Overcoming the gyroscopic
stabilizing effect of the earth's equatorial bulge and in obedience
to the laws of centrifugal force the weight of the ice will be
thrown toward the strongest area of spin, which is the equator.
The earth continues spinning on it's axis as before, but now with
some dramatic differences: The ice caps are riding on the
equatorial spin, there's a new axis, and practically all life - Man
included has been extinguished.
"This is not just a one-time occurrence, it happens over and
over again..... there have been thousands of such rollovers,
perhaps even millions during the four and a half billion year
history of the earth.
"The resultant cataclysm to the earth's surface when such a
capsizing occurs must be a stupendous sight to behold. Take the
effect on the oceans alone. It's as if you're holding at arm's
length in your hands a basin filled with water and then you
suddenly spin ninety degrees to the right. Think of the volcanic
eruptions, the rifts where the earth splits apart, the mountain
chains thrust upward in the areas where the surface compresses.
Cyclonic winds and thunderstorms! Mountainous tidal waves,
earthquakes, electrical storms of inconceivable intensity, volcanic
eruptions.... The awful grandeur of it all! Mother nature on an
The interviewer asked for proofs and was promised that they
would be forthcoming but Mr Boardman was tired, so they agreed to
resume after a night's rest. However before turning off the tape
recorder, the interviewer asked: "You mentioned before that we
must act quickly to forestall this disaster, how much time do you
reason we have?"
Boardman replies: "...the interval of time between each
occurrence ranges between three thousand and seven thousand years.
The oldest epoch of the past was just about seven thousand years
give or take fifty. The physical evidence indicates that our
present epoch is in approximately its seventy fifth century. As
this suggest, we've been living on borrowed time for quite a
Equatorial bulge Displacement. As noted, the capsizing
planet, instigated by the migration of overweighed ice through
centrifugal force to the outermost rim of spin, slowly but very
rapidly accelerates in speed until it reaches 45 degrees from the
Axis of Spin, which is the source of the centrifugal force acting
on the ice mass.
Immediately upon passing this 45-degree point, an equally
rapid deceleration begins, and the ice cap comes to a full stop
between 10 and 15 degrees of the former line of the equatorial
latitude. The reason for this is that the equatorial bulge--moving
more slowly, to be sure, to overcome the resistance of earth crust
materials--has been moving to meet the onrushing ice cap.
Thus, the capsizing of the ice cap is not a full 90 degrees,
but rather between 75 and 80 degrees. At the same time, the
equatorial bulge has moved 10 to 15 degrees toward the ice cap,
with which it merges. Immediately the two masses work in unison to
establish the new equatorial bulge for stabilization of the globe,
still at right angles to the Axis of Spin. But while this is
occurring, the kinetic energies of both icy mass and equatorial
bulge have increased billions of times what they were at the
beginning of the capsizing,
Result and Aftermath. During and following the
capsizing of the earth, incredible surface devastation occurs
as earth elements strive to adjust to the pressures and absorb the
phenomenal kinetic energy which the rollover has generated.
A general chaos manifests itself in many forms--torrential
rains, electrical storms unbelievable in their intensity, dust
storms, hurricanes, typhoons, massive and extensive earthquakes, a
multitude of volcanic eruptions and, most devastating of all, a
monstrous deluge as tidal waves of fantastic power sweep all
oceans, pounding continents to pieces, inundating whole mountain
ranges, rushing to submerge great land masses that have always
seemed high and safe, and at the same time exposing masses of land
which were heretofore seemingly at too great a depth ever to move
above sea level. Existing mountains will be raised or lowered in
relation to sea level, old ranges will be flattened and new ones
There will not be the gradual withdrawal of ice, as theorized
in the prevailing "Toe Age" concept of alternately growing and
receding ice caps. The ice cap, now directly on the equator and
fully exposed to the blazing heat of the sun, will begin to melt at
once and, while it may have taken thousands of years to reach its
present enormous size, it may take only brief decades for the total
thaw to occur.
As it disappears, the ice cap will leave behind telltale evi-
dence of its former presence. An enormous depression will remain
in the surface of the earth where it sat and this will be ringed by
a vast circular range of mountains or hills or elevated plateaus,
rising gradually from the center of the depression and then falling
away sharply on the outside of the rim--the residue of the earth
materials squeezed through isostasy from beneath the great weight
of the ice cap as it grew. Glacial striations will clearly show on
many of these rocks. Riverbeds will form and glacial runoff will
carve itself deeply into earth materials as the thaw occurs and
vast quantities of water form from the melting ice cap. At the
same time, the tropical areas which were suddenly shifted to the
polar regions undergo a quick-freezing process and soon are below
layers of snow gradually turning into glacial ice as new ice caps
begin to form on the earth even while the old ones are still
As the great ice caps continue to melt, ocean levels will
rise, inundating still more areas of land and, as the isolated ice
mass is reduced and its weight is distributed as water throughout
the oceans, earthquakes of great strength and violence will
continue to occur as the equatorial bulge adjusts and readjusts to
equalize and stabilize the rearrangement of such a weight.
At last the violent disturbances buffeting the earth will
settle down and a new stability to the planet becomes evident.
Earthquake and volcanic activity virtually cease for perhaps
hundreds of years or longer. Little animal life remains on the
land masses of the globe but what is there, including human life,
adjusts to the new conditions and survives, evolving perhaps into
entirely new life forms as part of their continuing adjustment.
Much marine life has been wiped out, but much remains and it too
must adjust and evolve to survive in the new conditions, for the
ocean temperatures have been greatly lowered by the icy volumes of
water rushing into the sea from the glacial runoff. Adjustment in
marine life will also have to take place to compensate for the
greatly reduced salinity of the sea.
When at last the old ice caps have wholly disappeared and the
ocean levels are relatively stabilized, the slow but inexorable
process begins all over again. Over hundreds and thousands of
years the levels of the oceans will lower as evaporation sucks up
the moisture, carrying it to the new poles where it falls and
compacts and builds into new ice caps until finally those ice caps
have become so monumental in size that they begin to wobble
eccentrically and eventually capsize the earth once again in a
continuing Cycle visited upon the earth hundreds of thousands or
perhaps even millions of times during the
four-and-a-half-billion-year history of the planet....
The gradual lowering of that weight is comparable to the gradual
buildup of the glacial weight. As the pressure increases and the
weight sinks lower, it begins causing the mud to squeeze out from
under it. As the pressure becomes greater, more of the under
material gets Extruded and forms a raised rim around the perimeter
oś the weight. That, in essence, is what's happening at
Antarctica. The weight of the ice cap is squeezing the material of
the continent out from under is The extruded material forms a range
of mountains before it, all the way to the coastal areas and even
beyond. There's good evidence that in this way not only is the ice
cap growing, but the continent itself is Expanding."
"The danger lies in what happens through the creation of this
perimeter of mountains. The new mountain range serves as a barrier
which prevents the flow-off of the glacial ice into the sea In
effect, a huge basin has been created, an actual impoundment of
sorts. This allows a much increased volume of ice to accumulate
inland and add its weight to the ice cap."
"This buildup has progressed through the centuries. About
three hundred years ago, one of the edges of the ice cap pushed
beyond the continental mass. This was probably because of two
reasons: first, because the mouths of continental rivers did not
allow for as great a barrier of mountains to be thrown up at the
perimeter as elsewhere; and then also because the depth of the
ocean close to the shore of the continental mass allowed some
portions of the mountains to literally be shoved off the continent
and slid down to the bottom of the sea It was at that time that the
first icebergs began being sloughed off by the ice cap into the
water. This tends to act as something of a safety valve, because
it gets rid of some of the weight that has accumulated."
"But not enough?" Asked the interviewer.
"Nowhere near enough, As a safety valve, it's very imperfect.
With a regular flow of icebergs being shed into the ocean, there is
still more new ice accumulated in one month than is carried off by
icebergs in a year.
To go on, pretty much the same thing on a smaller scale is
occurring with the ice cap presently on Greenland. Just as with
Antarctica, Greenland's and mass has become a depressed rock basin
with the weight of the ice cap up-thrusting a range of coastal
mountains before it. Much of the rock floor of Greenland is now
well below sea level, because of this Extrusion of rock forming the
ice basin. The mass of the ice caps at both poles is Increasing
every day and right now the weight of the Antarctic ice cap is
around three tons per square inch."
"As a sidelight, this sheds a whole new view on why some
present areas of the earth are far below sea level--areas such as
the Dead Sea region in the Middle East, the Valdes Peninsula in
Argentina, Death Valley in California, and so on. These areas,
according to the HAB Theory, were once polar seats and became
deeply indented by the weight of the ice caps which grew over
"I am convinced that modern man has it within his power to
simultaneously achieve his most spectacular triumph over the forces
of nature and equally save himself from extinction or severe
retrogression. For the first time in the history of the earth, man
possesses the ability to prevent the capsizing of the planet.
Through the use of thermonuclear devices strategically placed at
intervals along the twelve-thousand-mile coastal rim of the
gigantic Antarctic ice basin and then detonated simultaneously or
in series, great pressures can be alleviated.
Perhaps the scientists converging on New York for the HAB
Theory Symposium will give some consideration to Tennessee's famous
fossil footprints. Found during the last century near Brayton in
Bledsoe County, these footprints are not in sandstone, such as
those recently described ... which were only 25 million years old.
The series of footprints of bare human feet near Brayton are
embedded in solid granite which is probably hundreds of millions of
years old. Not only that, the human who made those prints must
have been gigantic, for the heel alone measures 13 inches in
Could it be, that previous civilizations of man were
destroyed by such capsizings of the entire planet? Could it be that
this was what caused the extinction of the mysterious race which
originally built the amazing cities the ruins of which are
extensive in Peru long before the ancient Incas were living their
own highly advanced civilization? Perhaps now one of the most
puzzling of these, the incredible find at Marcahuasi, only 80
kilometers northeast of this city, can be solved....unanswered
questions regarding the pre-Incan civilizations which built the
great structures at Machu Picchu, Cuzco, Ollantaytambo, and
Sasahuaman. Were these the remains of a civilization made extinct
by a previous capsizing of the earth? The remains were a continuing
enigma to archaeologists, and undoubtedly one of the most bizarrely
jarring was a spectacular discovery made in 1952 at an altitude of
over 13,000 feet in the Andes.
The discovery, made in 1952 by Dr. Daniel Ruzo, is a great
amphitheater of rock in which are magnificent sculptures--but
sculptures which, according to all we know, are wholly
anachronistic. Here, for example, among carvings of familiar
South American animals and people, can also be seen unmistakable
carvings in white dioritic porphyry stone of camels and cows, lions
and elephants, and other animals which have never lived here, along
with finely carved heads, in the same material, of Semites,
Caucasians, and Negroes, all of whom came to this continent less
than 500 years ago. There is even a perfect rendering of the
turtle's long-extinct ancestor the amphichelydia; yet in all
recorded history, the amphichelydia is known only from its
fossilized remains. It lived during the Upper Triassic Period
and became extinct about 180 million years ago. Where, then, could
the sculptor have gotten his model? There is also a rendering of a
horse, but horses became extinct here 9,000 years ago and did not
reappear until brought by Spanish conquistadors in the sixteenth
Dr. Ruzo's great discovery too long has been ignored. It is
now time for science to take a fresh look at the mysteries of the
past which titillate and haunt the imaginations of all
...Previous Poles. Using the same process-of location used in
ascertaining the location of the North Pole ice cap-in Epoch Number
B.P. I (One epoch before the present epoch), the ice cap for B.P.
2 is found to have been where there is an even larger and deeper
depression in the earth than the Sudan Basin--present Hudson Bay.
While the B.P. 2 Hudson Bay ice cap was in existence, the land
masses of India, Borneo, Africa and South America lay in tandem
along the equatorial bulge.
Identification of Hudson Bay as the location of the North Pole
in B.P. 2 is ascertained from calculation showing that it is
approximately the same distance from Lake Chad in the Sudan Basin
as the latter is from the present North Pole, indicating again a
separation of about 80 degrees of latitude.
The ice cap for B.P. 3 is ascertained in the same manner and
proves to center itself at the Caspian Sea which is located in a
great depression similar to that formerly occupied by the ice caps
for the Sudan Basin and Hudson Bay. All three of these
depressions, containing the Caspian Sea, Lake Chad and Hudson Bay,
are presently the drainage focus for river systems covering very
large areas of territory; rivers which flow into the depressed
basins formed by the weight of ice caps which previously rested on
It becomes possible to trace depression after depression on
the face of the earth as the location of a former ice cap. Glacial
striations were even discovered on Permian rocks two centuries ago
in the Amazon Valley within an area of twenty degrees on both sides
of the equator. As a matter of fact, such glacial striations are
found in the rocks of the earth at random places all over the
globe. So-called Ice Ages can be traced back through their
telltale striations on rock faces not only as far back as the
Paleozoic Era's-Lower Cambrian Epoch of some 600 million years ago,
but some are even recorded as Precambrian, though these records
begin to dim over such a period of time with continued capsizings
of the earth and disruption of its surface. Three such Precambrian
ice cap sites are located in Africa, three others in Asia and two
in Australia. Five glaciated horizons of the Permian Period
(230-280 million years ago) are found in South America and an equal
number of the most recent Ice Ages are located in North America.
In the present geologic epoch, called the Pleistocene (of the
Quaternary Period and Cenozoic Era), which, in essence, takes in
the last one mullion years, many hundreds of earth capsizings have
occurred, along with their cataclysmic results. Beyond the
Pleistocene there have been many more. A partial listing of some
of the more important and obvious ice cap sites during the
Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic eras can include:
the Gobi Desert;
Mar Chiquita in Argentina;
the Black Sea;
Death Valley, California;
the Amazon Valley;
Baikal Lake in the USSR;
the Null Arbor Plain in Australia's southwest;
the Baltic Sea;
the Congo Basin;
the Mediterranean Sea,
Great Bear Lake, Canada;
Great Salt Lake, Utah;
the Thar Desert in northwest in India;
Aral Sea, Uzbek, USSR;
the Painted Desert- Lakes Michigan-Huron-Superior;
the Angola Basin off the coast of western Africa;
the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming;
in northeastern Siberia in the vicinity of Tabor
the Takla Makan Desert north of the Himalayas;
the Canary Basin off the northwestern African coast;
Great Slave Lake, Canada;
the Argentine Basin 930 miles southeast of Buenos Aires;
the Wharton Basin, 900 miles south of Djakarta.
In every location where records written by nature or man can
be studied, each of these sites shows radial striations which
pinpoint the seat of a former ice cap. In the matter of duration,
geologic evidence indicates that an individual ice cap may grow to
maturity in as short a span of time as 2,900 years, although the
average appears to be more in the vicinity of 5,750 years. Only
rarely does an individual epoch react 6,500 years, and no other
epoch within at least the last dozen has lasted as long as the
....paged rapidly through the section detailing how the
cataclysms had caused the fossilization of soft-bodied animals,
fruits, vegetation, dinosaur tracks and eggs. He read again about
the finding of fossil trees, or at least portions of them, from
depths of 13,000 feet beneath the earth's surface through core
boring; the discovery of 59 horizontal strata of fossilized trees
separated by massive strata of marine clay-rock of non fossil
variety at the Sydney Mines of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia; the
fact that carbon-14 dating of the mammoth remains found in Siberia
and North America clearly indicated a time frame of 7,500 years
ago. All this material very strongly supported the contentions of
the HAB Theory, and he was no less impressed by it now than he had
been the first time he read it.
He swiftly reread the portion explaining how the epoch du-
ration for the present was determined by the creepage rate of
waterfalls through their gorges and then slowed and began reading
more thoroughly again as he came to a different section detailing
other forms of evidence supporting the HAB Theory.
Further evidence of earth capsizings can be found in
massive mineral deposits which man is in the process of tapping.
Highly illustrative among these are the numerous salt beds
which are found in subterranean strata. There is only one way to
rationally account for their presence: that they were at one time
the bottoms of land depressions which filled with sea water during
capsizings of the earth, then became exposed again in subsequent
capsizings as salt wakes. Gradually, as the waters evaporated, the
salts precipitated to the bottom as residue.
Seven successive beds of these salt deposits have been found
in central New York, and a massive one is presently being tapped a
thousand feet below the city of Cleveland, Ohio. Over 30 such beds
have been discovered in the American Southwest, some deeply buried,
some just under the surface. The most significant on the North
American continent, however, is the one which is presently being
formed in a lake which, while constantly evaporating, still covers
an area about the size of the State of Delaware--the Great Salt
Lake of Utah. This 2,000-square-mile lake is the last trace of the
great prehistoric body of water known to geologists as Lake
Bonneville, which covered an area of 20,000 square modes and was
over 1,000 feet deep. The great Bonneville Salt flats are on the
surface now, but following the next capsizing of the earth they
will probably become silted over and eventually, following further
capsizings of the earth, become yet another of the multitude of
subterranean salt beds.
Coal is another mineral deposit clearly corroborating the
theory of successive capsizings of the earth. Coal beds are found
in subterranean deposit on a worldwide scale, including the Arctic
and Antarctic, and even beneath the ocean floors. Coal mines are
presently in operation in the Pacific off the coast of Chile and in
the Atlantic off Nova Scotia and England.
There is only one way that coal can be formed. It is the
residue of warm temperate, subtropical and tropical climate
vegetation. Through hundreds or thousands of years great
quantities of vegetative debris--leaves, twigs, fruits, branches,
roots--sink to the bottoms of swamps, rivers or lakes. The water
covering them reasonably protects them from the oxidation that
would have occurred had they been exposed to the air.
At the time of the capsizing of the earth, the submerged
deposit of vegetable debris is suddenly shifted to a region of
subzero temperature and immediately the water above it freezes.
During the polar summer there occurs enough of a thaw to allow
siltage to accumulate on the bottom over the mucky vegetation.
When the next capsizing of the planet occurs and the deposit is
shifted back to a tropical or temperate zone, the layer of silt
prevents oxidation of the vegetable matter below it from occurring,
while at the same time a new collection of vegetable matter is
accumulating on top of the silt. Through repeated capsizings and
increasing pressures, the vegetation layers are compressed into
coal and the polar siltage layers become slate or shale. Some of
the coal mines in Pennsylvania have shown as many as seven
horizonal layers of coal with as many corresponding layers of slate
or shale interleaved between. Recurrent capsizings of the earth
can be the only reasonable and logical explanation for such forma-
Another foundation stone in the construction of support
for the HAB Theory postulations lies in the discovery in the
relatively recent past of magnetic rocks which vary from the
direction of magnetic electrical forces present being imbued into
rocks of the earth. The ancients knew of the existence of magnetic
rocks, of course, and used them as compasses in their navigation.
These were simply rocks magnetized to point north and south by the
electrical currents of the earth. But now, much older rocks have
been discovered which, though magnetic, do not point north and
south but to differing directions. This is powerful indication
that they received their magnetization at a time when the location
of the poles differed from what it is at present. Some of the
rocks of this nature that have been discovered point toward the
Sudan Basin and others point toward Hudson Bay. Still others point
at other areas where physical evidence indicates ice caps have
formed in past epochs. Non conventionally directional magnetic
rocks have been discovered in 15 locations on the European and
North American continents. They are corollary to, and proof of,
the recurrent capsizings of the earth . . .
. . . It is in the matter of the proofs where human history
is concerned that incredible new vistas of study are suddenly
opened. It is an acknowledged fact among ancient historians that
authentic and accurate history of man did not begin until between
approximately 7,000 and 7,500 years ago. Actual historical records
go back only as far as the earliest known civilizations, such as
those of Egypt, Peru, Babylonia, India, Central America, Sumeria,
and Assyria. Yet, that 7,500-year period of time represents
considerably less than one percent of the time that man has been
known, through fossil remains, to have existed on earth.
A curious and yet exciting event of man's history exists
in the fact that virtually at cultures in earth, from the most
primitive to the most civilized, have in the dim reaches of their
history the record or legend of a great flood. In the Bible it is
the story of Noah.
In the Oriental book The Ten Stems of China, are texts
In Eros the 12 clay tablets inscribed in Sumerian cuneiform
comes the Epic of Gilgamesh, which recounts the journeying of
Enkidu, a sort of counterpart of Noah.
In Greek mythology, Deucation and his wife, Pyrrha, are the
only survivors of a great flood visited on the earth by the great
The ancient Brahmans, Chat deans, Hindus and Babylonians have
their own records or legends about similar great floods from which
onto a smart handful of individuals escaped with their lives.
Similar legends are found among the Indians of the Americas
and among the aboriginal tribes of Ausralia, Borneo, Sumatra,
Africa, and Southeast Asia.
Generally, we moderns have looked upon these stories as being
apocryphal, but perhaps we have been wrong. Perhaps much more
truth underlies them than we had previously suspected. And while
the support they provide cannot at this time be considered proof,
they do provide interesting and sometimes rather awesome
corroboration to the theory of a recurrently capsizing earth.
Apart from consideration of such legends or so-called records,
elements of stronger proof of the HAB Theory's validity have become
available in man's history through archeology.
In Iraq, for example, near the confluence of the Tigris and
Euphrates rivers, is the site of the ancient Chaldean city of Ur.
Evidence exposed by archaeologists digging through layer after
layer to a depth of 50 feet proved that over 130 dynasties existed
there. Then, at just over 50 feet, they encountered a 0000000
foot-thick layer of clay. Beneath that layer were discovered the
remains of another 10 dynasties, but of such difference that the
artifacts recovered from these lower layers bore little resemblance
to those discovered in the layers above. Pottery below the clay
was beautifully and skillfully painted, but that above the clay was
not. Copper artifacts were common in the dynasty layers above the
clay, but absent in those below. The archaeologists were unanimous
about only one aspect--that the layer of clay had to be the residue
of a great flood which buried the city under a dense blanket of
silt. For the silt to accumulate and turn into clay took a great
while and, though scientists are still not agreed to the exact
amount of time involved, the general consensus is that the upper
layers were all deposited within the last 6,000 years and perhaps
as much as 1,500 years prior to that. The significance of the clay
layer beginning to form about 7,500 years ago is inescapable.
The ancient Greek Solon, according to Plato, was told by
Egyptian priests in 600 B.C. that 9,000 years previously, Egypt had
been invaded by great armies from the powerful island empire of
Atlantis, and that afterward Atlantis was devoured by the ocean in
a great deluge. The existence of such a place as Atlantis has long
been held as a myth, but in view of the accumulation of evidence,
perhaps there is more veracity to the story than heretofore
believed. That, however, is speculation on the writer's part and
not the province of this summary....
Mr. Boardman outlined his plan for diminishing the Antarctic
ice cap size in the following manner. The initial point at which
man has to attack the great glacier is along the entire perimeter
of the coastline, which Extends for 16,000 miles. The average rate
of slope, or gradient, from the center of the South Pole ice cap to
the sea is presently 7 feet per mile, as compared to a gradient of
28 feet per mile with the North Pole ice cap on Greenland. The
gradient of 7 feet per-mile at Antarctica is not sufficient to
overcome the barrier rim of mountains holding the ice in check.
One of the most urgent priorities Mr. Boardman mentioned was the
need to accurately ascertain the annual precipitation in snowfall
on the existing ice cap and the ratio of this accumulation to the
annual evaporation, ablation, and flow-off. In that manner, it
could then be determined Exactly how much the flow-off would have
to be increased to stabilize the globe on its present Axis of
figure, and then this could be undertaken through the utilization
of judiciously placed and detonated thermonuclear devices as
previously outlined in these pages.
Mr. Boardman's recommendations ended in the comment that we
now have before us a wholly new understanding of the limited time
during which our civilization has been developing and the deadly
precariousness of its continuance. We have before us, he
contended, only two alternatives: either we limit the present
growth rate of the Antarctic ice cap, or we accept a limitation to
the time we have remaining on this planet in civilization as we now
This concludes the summarization of the theory of a recurrently
capsizing earth as postulated by Herbert Allen Boardman,
summarizing a quantity of text, mathematical formulae, sketches and
photographs equivalent to approximately 20,000 pages. This summary
has been prepared by order of the president of the united states
for consideration by the special scientific advisory committee
appointed by the president to study and evaluate the aforementioned
postulation known as the hab theory.
HAB Theory Commission
[A note on scientific discoveries that may not have been known to
Allan W. Eckert: There are places in Antarctica that are totally
arid, with no evidence of any precipitation at all in hundreds of
years. There are also great dry valleys in Antarctica, wide enough
for a small airplane to do a leisurely turn around within it's
width, which show clear evidence of the passing of a glacier; the
smooth contours of the bowl, the scraping lines on the floor of the
valley, and boulders scattered in a neat but random pattern all
throughout the floor of the valley.]
Reykjavik, is quite a highly advanced civilization, with over a
hundred thousand people living in the city at present. There are
other far-northern cities similarly situated close to the Arctic
Circle. Fairbanks, Alaska, with a population of over Eighty
thousand. Nome, Alaska, Murrnansk are others.
"As a matter-of-fact, Dr. Fleming," Irma Dowde continued, "Dr.
Mathiessen is quite correct. There are at present major centers of
civilization at the fringe of the Arctic Circle, In his papers,
Mr. Boardman suggests that the Egyptian culture, at the time the
North Pole was located in the Sudan Basin, was situated at almost
exactly the same distance from the pole of that epoch as Fairbanks,
Alaska, is today situated from the present North Pole. According
to Mr. Boardman, one of the two pivotal points was located in the
area we now know as Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula. The other was
located in the border area of Ecuador and Peru.
Do we have a botanist here?" Half a dozen or more hands went
up at once and Dr. Dowde pointed to a thin, sharp-faced woman of
about fifty sitting at the midpoint of the group, a couple of seats
from the center aisle. She stood immediately.
"I am Dr. Pamilia Parodi of Buenos Aires."
"Dr. Parodi do you have any background in the historical
origin of fruits and vegetables?"
"Yes," she replied with a small shrug. "It is one of the
courses I teach at the University of the Argentine."
"Excellent. Can you tell us, please, as briefly as possible,
what the origin is of some of our more important fruits and
"It will probably be of some interest," Dr. Parodi said, her
voice high and clear, "that the seats of origin of most of the
world's important staple vegetables and fruits are the areas you've
just mentioned as being previous pivotal points--the
Sumatra-Malaysia area, and the Ecuador-Peru area. Most of our
fruits have originated, as best as can be determined, from a large
radius of southern Asia, of which the Malay Archipelago appears to
be the hub, fruits such as cherries, pears, apples, plums, olives,
figs, grapes. Others, too, perhaps--apricots and peaches, citrus
fruits, bananas and coconuts and mango. On the other hand, the
basic vegetables seem to have originated primarily in the upper
Andes--Ecuador and Peru, as mentioned, but also Bolivia and upper
Chile. They would include both white potatoes and sweet potatoes,
yams, maize, numerous beans including Lima and navy beans,
pumpkins, squash, peppers, and many others."
The botanist seemed to have finished, but just as Dr. Dowde
was about to comment, she went on with a certain degree of
hesitancy. "It has never been clearly explained before, but
perhaps now it may be; there were cobs and kernels of popcorn found
in ancient Peruvian burial grounds which were thought to be unique
to the world until, some years later, identical species of popcorn
were found in ancient urns buried in the Naga Hills in the border
country of Burma and Siam. Heretofore, this has been a very
"Thank you, Doctor " said Irma Dowde, smiling. 'I think the
ramifications of what you've just said are quite clear. One
further question, though. Is there any botanical evidence existing
which links such fruits and vegetables to Egypt?"
The Argentine botanist shrugged elaborately. "I have heard of
none, Dr. Dowde. The fruits and vegetables found there now came to
that land as they came to Europe and North America--through
gradually being transported there by migrating peoples."
As Dr. Parody reseated herself, Dowde nodded and spoke to the
group in general. "Is it not possible, then," she said, "that an
Egypt originally having a cold climate might account for the very
notable lack of early Egypt, as we know it, having virtually no
such fruits and vegetables? And, is it not strange that in one of
the pivotal areas, South America, we find another ancient
civilization, the Inca's, which, precisely like the Egyptian
civilization, seems to have drawn its early cultural and
technological level from a source it could never quite emulate, and
which it was unable to maintain? Both the cultures of Egypt and
Peru seem to parallel one another in being the slowly dying
remnants of much greater civilizations of which we have no
What I started to say, Dr. Dowde, was wouldn't it then be
reasonable to assume that the Eskimos of today were living in a
tropical climate before this present epoch, and that when the earth
rolled over they managed to survive and adapt to their new
"Possibly," Irma Dowde conceded.
"And that when the pending capsizing does occur again-if it
does," she added with a nervous little laugh, "that these same
Eskimos might become as prominent then as the Egyptians were at the
beginning of their history, as we know it?"
"According to the Boardman postulations," the archeologist
replied, "when the next capsizing occurs the new poles will be
located in the Pacific in the vicinity of the Philippines and in
eastern Brazil. As an anthropologist, Dr. Cantrell, your
deductions along these lines would undoubtedly be more pertinent
than mine. The Eskimos are, of course, relatively primitive in
their present society, but there is probably some justification for
assuming that a portion of their culture will remain and that
perhaps even the more developed culture of Fairbanks, Nome and
other northern cities may persist to some degree. All that is
purely speculative at this point, but along those lines I might ask
here for the view of a paleontologist." A florid-faced man of
middle age sifting only a few seats away from where Dr. Dowde was
standing immediately came to his feet.
"I'm Hubert Sizer," he said crisply. "Colorado State
"Thank you, Dr. Sizer. You have read the HAB Theory summary,
have you not?"
"In particular, have you read those portions dealing with the
mammoth remains found in Siberia and Alaska?"
"Yes. I was familiar with the discovery of them before
reading the summary, and with the inexplicable nature of such
"You've also read the portion in the summary regarding the
rising and falling of continental masses, to form land hemispheres
and water hemispheres, depending upon how the capsizing of the
globe is triggered?"
"Could you mention other areas in the vicinity of Siberia snd
Alaska where mammoth remains of a similar nature have been
"Well, yes, I suppose so. They've been found on Melville
Island in the Canadian Arctic, in Alaska and Siberia on both sides
of the Bering Strait, on the New Siberian Islands and on Wrangel
"Heretofore has there been any way of stating how these
mammals of identical species could have been found on land areas
separated by frigid seas?"
"Well," Dr. Sizer said, clearing his throat, "a land bridge
across the Bering Strait has always been a matter of conjecture.
However, there's no real proof for it. Nor is there any
explanation 'as to how mammoths might have gotten to Wrangel or the
New Siberian Islands.- Swimming in such seas would have been, for
them, totally out of the question, and it is doubtful that a Bering
Strait land bridge would have connected those islands to the
mainland of Siberia."
"Doesn't it now seem likely, Dr. Sizer," Irma Dowde pressed
on, "if we assume the validity of the HAB Theory and take into
consideration the Boardman postulations of rising and falling land
and water hemispheres, that Asia and North America were almost
assuredly part of an unbroken land mass during B.P. 1, including
the islands you've mentioned, and that the mammoths--and probably
the Eskimos or their forebears--once roamed freely throughout this
region in a tropical or subtropical climate?"
Again Dr. Sizer cleared his throat. "Well now," he said,
hedging his words, "I wouldn't want to be committed to this as a
definite pronouncement without considerable further study, but I
suppose it is a responsible possibility if one does in fact accept
the HAB Theory."
"And that the race of man in that region was able to adapt to
the change in climate and survive. but the mammoths and
rhinoceroses could not adapt and thus became extinct?"
"Well, again, yes," Sizer said, even more discomfited now,
"but still only on the basis of the HAB Theory's being valid, and
I'm not at all sure I'm in accord with deeming it such''.
"Excuse me, Dr. Sizer. I had no intention of putting you on
the spot. I only wished for all of us to get a better general
picture of the interlocking nature of all these bits of informa-
tion--data which, if taken in an overall view, provide fascinating
possibilities, but which, if focused in one particular field, seem
to have no relationship to anything reasonably explainable within
"Dr. Dowde, I am David Ben Ribal, historian at Beirut
University in Lebanon. You mentioned earlier that the culture of
the Egyptians appeared full-blown, without any history antedating
the First Dynasty. Yet, if memory serves me correctly, it was
about, the year 450 B.C. when the Greek historian Herodotus
journeyed to both Memphis and Thebes on the Nile and talked at
length with the priests there about their country and its history.
At this time, again if memory serves me correctly," he added,
though Irma Dowde was sure his memory was functioning quite well,
"Herodotus was told by the priests of Memphis that their records
went back eleven thousand years, and the priests of Thebes said
their records covered the past I seventeen thousand years. That
seems very much to be in opposition to the idea of a capsizing of
the globe on the average of every six thousand years. Even if they
had survived such a cataclysm, wouldn't accounts of it have played
important roles in what records we find of them, and in what the
priests themselves told to Herodotus?"
He sat down immediately, but before Irma Dowde could reply,
Balourdos spoke from the front of the room.
"I would like," he said, "if Dr. Dowde has no objection, to
comment in that respect."
"None whatever, Dr. Balourdos," she responded, "but as soon as
you finish I will have to be leaving."
"Dr. ben Ribal," said the Greek archeologist, "you pose a most
interesting question. Perhaps not so surprisingly, the identical
question came to my own mind as I first read the summary in Athens.
We have of course," he added with some degree of pride, "a great
library at the University of Athens dealing with the lives and
activities of ancient Greeks. I delved into the matter to some
degree and discovered some rather startling facts.
"You are," he said, leaning his hip against the head table,
"quite correct in your recollection of the priests of Thebes and
Memphis relating to Herodotus that their historical records
extended back, respectively, seventeen thousand and 00000 thousand
years. Unfortunately, those records were on papyrus and skin
scrolls, housed in one of the greatest libraries of antiquity, the
Alexandria Library. Much of that library, along with a large
portion of its collection of seven hundred thousand scrolls--the
equivalent of ten thousand textbooks of today--was lost to fire
during the reign of Caesar. Nevertheless, the Alexandria Library
was rebuilt and continued to be a great font of knowledge and
repository of ancient records until A.D. 390. In that year the
Bishop of Alexandria, evidently insane and a religious fanatic, led
a mob through the streets of the city and pillaged the library of
half a million of its scrolls, all of which were burned in a street
bonfire at the order of the bishop. Not too long after that, the
remainder of the collection was destroyed by the invading army of
Caliph Omer. So much," he added sorrowfully, "for the written
record of Egypt's past.
"Fortunately, though, during his visits to Memphis and Thebes,
Herodotus noted some other very peculiar information passed on to
him by the priests. Information," he added meaningfully, "which
heretofore was greatly puzzling and largely discounted as
imaginings. Now, in light of this present theory, the histories
written by Herodotus take on a great and rather frightening
"Assuming," Balourdos continued, "that an observer in one of
the so-called safe areas of earth at the time of a capsizing were
looking at the heavens, he would note a drastic change in the
course of the moon, stars and sun. They would suddenly no longer
be rising and setting in the directions they had followed before.
The sun might strangely rise in the south instead of the east, and
set in the north instead of the west, because of the shift of the
planet's surface in regard to its rotation. Or it might even shift
a full one hundred and eighty degrees, so that the sun would appear
to rise in the west instead of the east.
"For the sake of Example here," he went on, "imagine that at
the moment of the last capsizing of the earth it was nine in the
morning in Memphis. The earth began suddenly moving sideways even
while continuing the normal rotation from west to east. To an
Egyptian looking upward at such a time, it would appear that the
sun had stopped in its path, then moved about erratically for a
while and finally set very close to where it had risen.
"An impossible supposition?" Michael Balourdos asked of no one
in particular, and then answered himself. "So it has always
seemed. Consider, though, what else it was the priests of Memphis
related to Herodotus. They told him with great assurance that in
the history of their country, spanning eleven thousand years--or,
as they put it, three hundred and forty one generations--Egypt had
had three hundred forty-one kings and a similar number of high
priests, and that twice during this span of time the sun had
risen where it set, without any great change in the
productivity of their country. In a framework of reference based
on the HAB Theory, this heretofore inexplicable statement begins
having considerable relevance. Mr. Boardman suggests in his
postulations that the tendency is for the earth to capsize back and
forth in somewhat the same pattern time after time, unless there is
a change from a water hemisphere to a land hemisphere. The
possibility becomes clear, then, that Egypt was fortunately sit-
uated where it could survive with little damage two distinct land
hemisphere capsizings of the earth.
"In other words," the big Greek archeologist concluded, "in
B.P. 2 the earth was located approximately in the position it is
now, but with the North Pole at Hudson Bay instead of at its
present site. When the capsizing occurred, the planet rolled over,
and the area now known to us as the Sudan Basin became the site for
the North Pole. The Egyptians then lived in a climate not unlike
that of Fairbanks or Reykjavik.
"Another rollover occurred and once again the sun seemed to
stand still and then set where it had risen, and what had been the
North Pole became the Sudan Basis of today. The reference by
Herodotus to the sun rising and setting twice in the same direction
in ancient Egypt fits into the precepts of Mr. Boardman's theory
"I'd like to add one small point to the one you've just made,
Dr. Balourdos." Irma Dowde said, standing with her findings.
Except for just one thing, perhaps many more of us would accept it.
That one matter prevents me, and many others, from doing so.
Unless it can be resolved for us beyond any dispute, we will never
accept it. I should add that while this is my own very strong
personal feeling, I also say this as the official voice of the
"I have spent many hours on the matter I have just alluded to,
and now I wish to present it here for the record. The HAB Theory
contends that when a capsizing of the earth occurs, the ice caps
are suddenly located on the equator and areas which were previously
equatorial become sites for the new poles. This goes wholly
against long-established geological estimates which, for example,
place the age of the south polar ice cap at approximately thirteen
million years. All right, if we say for the sake of argument that
our geological time estimate is wrong then this brings up some very
"Consider: after the alleged capsizing, the ice now on the
equator begins to thaw, but it is a process which takes scores of
years to complete. By the same process, the tropical areas now at
the pole freeze, very quickly on the surface but much more slowly
to any great depth. Largely, this is due not only to the great
amount of heat stored within the earth strata, and the insulating
factor involved in such stratification, but equally to the warmth
of surrounding oceans. True, with the thawing of the ice caps, the
temperature of the oceans gradually lowers, but it takes a great
while. We estimate that while snows would very quickly blanket the
ground surface of the continent that was now at the pole, it would
take about three hundred years before a true polar ice cap would
even begin to form. In the case of the continent of Antarctica,
which has an area of some five million square miles and a mean
diameter of twenty eight hundred miles, the ice cap would have
begun forming first at the location of the true pole itself which,
in Antarctica, is slightly off from being centrally located. For
the glacier to grow first upward and then gradually outward enough
to completely cover the continent, so that no actual land of the
continent was visible, would take from as little as forty-five
hundred years to as much as six thousand years."
"Now, the HAB Theory sets the last capsizing of the earth of
about seventy-five hundred years ago. That would take it, on our
present Gregorian calendar, back roughly to the year 5500 B.C.
This would mean that until at least the year 1000...
'the Incas!" Sanders said immediately.
"Not directly, sir," she replied. "Rather, pre-Incan. But
this is not the principal point I'm making. Back in 1965 an
Argentine citizen, Juan Moricz, who is an amateur archeologist, was
poking about in the Ecuadorian Andes about a hundred fifty miles
south of Quito, in the Province of Santiago. He stumbled across
another of the most significant archeological finds of the past
century--of any century, for that matter," she amended. "He found
a cave held in superstitious awe by the Indian tribes of the area.
After finally gaining their confidence, he was allowed to enter the
cave to Explore. What he found is just about as amazing as the
Chinese discovery and closely allied to it.
"The naturally formed cave gave way to a smooth shaft,
obviously artificially made, which went straight down in three
distinct drops, each of two hundred and fifty feet. At the level
of two hundred fifty feet below the surface was a platform leading
into a vault of considerable dimension; radiating outward from this
vault was a whole series of artificial tunnels. The same situation
was found at the five-hundred foot level and at the bottom, seven
hundred fifty feet below ground level. The important aspects is
that these tunnels evidently were made in exactly the same manner
as the tunnels in the Bayan Kara Ula Mountains in China. Perfectly
squared and highly glazed, as if formed by means of intense heat.
There are, Mr. President, thousands--perhaps even tens of
thousands--of miles of these tunnels beneath Ecuador and Peru.
Mostly they're still uneXplored because the radiation in them very
high and compasses refuse to operate down there. Only a few
hundred miles of them have been Explored and those mostly in a
cursory manner. There are a great many chambers filled with
artifacts and statuary but, most important, there is one chamber in
particular of immense consequence."
The scientist licked her lips. Her throat felt dry and she
wished she had brought a glass of water in from the bathroom and
put it on the nightstand before she began this call. She swallowed
and went on.
"That chamber, with the unusual, highly glazed walls, ceiling
and floors, measures four hundred fifty-nine feet by four hundred
ninety-two feet. In the center of this room is a huge table around
which are seven chairs. They are fashioned of an unknown material,
as heavy as stone but not of stone. Nor are they metallic or
wooden. The closest approximation seems to be some sort of
Extremely dense plastic material, but far heavier than any plastic
known. Forming a perimeter around the table and chairs is a ring
of sculptured animals. Well, no," she corrected herself, "that's
not quite right. They're made of the same material and appear to
have been molded."
"What kind of animals, Dr. Dowde?"
"Some which represent animals indigenous to the area, others
which definitely are not and never have been. There are jaguars
and cougars, but also there are lions, elephants, wolves and bison.
There are also monkeys, gorillas, and bears, as well as small
invertebrates such as crustaceans and gastropods. All this--the
furnishings and statuary--are intriguing, but they fade in
significance to what else is in this room, some fifty feet from the
table. You are undoubtedly aware, sir, that archaeologists were
for many years agreed in the belief that the Incan and pre-Incan
civilizations Existed without any form of writing Except a peculiar
sort of record keeping through the tying of knots in lengths of
cord. Yet, fifty feet from that center grouping is an incredible
library permanently preserved in metal leaves. Each sheet of metal
is one point six millimeters thick--about a sixteenth of an inch--
but thirty-eight inches by nineteen inches wide. Yet, they're so
sturdy that standing on the narrow edge and eXtending upward over
three feet, they remain perfectly rigid, with no sign of bending.
The metal most closely resembles zinc, but it definitely is not
zinc. Neither is it tin nor any other known metal or alloy.
"These metal pages stand side by side, held in place by great
block like pieces of material of the same substance the furniture
is fashioned from. And, Mr. President, each of these thousands of
leaves has stamped on it in regular order, just as if stamped by a
powerful press, line after line of a peculiar boxed form of
writing. The characters are wholly unfamiliar and seemingly of a
sophisticated hieroglyphic nature, but whatever culture produced
this amazing library also left with it the key to its deciphering.
In a special niche, obviously made precisely for the purpose it is
serving in one of the huge block bookends, is what appears to be an
alphabet of fifty-six characters stamped in a gridwork of squares
on metal of the same type as the leaves, but much thicker. A sort
"The metal steel is an inch and a half thick, five and a half
inches wide and twenty and a half inches long. From top to bottom
there are fourteen rows of hieroglyphic characters, with four char-
acters per row, confined within boxes which are exactly three and
a half centimeters square--that's roughly an inch and
three-eighths. None of the characters are the same, but these very
characters are used in different combinations in the rows of
characters on the metal leaves."
"Comparable, then," the President put in, "to someone today
placing at the front of a large book a listing of the alphabet?"
Irma Dowde issued a sour grunt. "Other than Juan Moricz's
early--and successful--efforts in this respect, no attempt has ever
been made to decipher them, although for a trained cryptologist it
would probably be a relatively simple matter. The metal steel of
boxed characters is far more important to the deciphering of those
hieroglyphics than was the Rosetta Stone in the deciphering of
"Then why," Sanders demanded, bewildered, "has no attempt been
made other than the early ones you mentioned?"
"Only the Ecuadorian government, in its infinite wisdom, knows
the answer to that," she replied sardonically. "For the first four
years after his discovery, Juan Moricz maintained secrecy about it,
but he gradually realized the fantastic significance of his find
and knew it should be placed in the care of reputable scientific
teams for dose study. One of the big stumbling blocks was that he
was not an Ecuadorian. Nevertheless, in June of 1969 he petitioned
the government of Ecuador to give him legal title to the entire
system of tunnels and their contents, with the stipulation , in
accordance with article six hundred sixty-six of the ecuadorian
civil code,, that though the treasures discovered became his
personal property, they also remained subject to state control.
After the governmental red-tape was cleared, and at last Moricz was
granted the legal deed for his find, everything seemed fine. Then,
somehow word got out that a great many of the archeological
treasures in the upper level passages were of solid gold or
platinum. A governmental seal was placed on the entrance and has
remained there ever since. It is now perpetually guarded with
supposedly entry permitted to no one. What purpose this
accomplishes is anyone's guess. Moricz has speculated publicly
that at intervals certain high government figures are entering the
tunnels and gradually disposing of great quantities of the gold and
"is anything of what he deciphered available?"
"Moricz spend a great deal of time first learning how to
decipher the hieroglyphics and then gradually translating the
printed metal leaves. He admits that he did not decipher them in
sequence, but rather a leaf here and there taken at random for the
entire collection. ...nothing has been published of the findings
although a few excerpts from his petitions to the government of
Ecuador may be enlightening:"
"'the objects I found are of the following kinds
1. Stone and metal objects of different sizes and colors
2. Metal plaques engraved with signs and writing. They form
a veritable metal library which might contain an synopsis of
the history of humanity, as well as an account of the origin
of mankind on earth and information about a vanished
He began by saying that such definite records were indeed in
existence and had been found many years before. In China. He then
went on to describe the discovery and subsequent study of a large
number of peculiar stone disks that had been found in some
underground repositories in the Himalayas near the border of Tibet.
The discovery of the stone disks was made in 1938 by Professor
Chi Pu Tei an archeologist who was leading a body of his students
on an Expedition into the Bayan Kara Ula Mountains in the
then-disputed frontier territory of Tibet and China. The precise
location was not given he said it was in the general area of where
Chang Thang Province of Tibet and Tsinghai Province of China
"That area, has been what is termed 'Positively Forbidden
Territory' for the Western world since the year 1938, which now, in
light of what Dr. Chow had to say, was probably not at all
coincidental. At any rate, Professor Chi Pu Tei and his students
discovered what was first described as a series of caves or
caverns, but later admitted to be a complex system of artificial
tunnels and underground storerooms. These tunnels are perfectly
squared and the walls, ceilings, and floors are highly glazed, as
if somehow the passages and rooms were carved by a device emitting
heat of such intensity that it simply melted its way into the moun-
"As might occur," the President put in, "if you pushed a
red-hot nail into a block of wax?"
"A good comparison, Mr. President. Yes, Probably very similar
to that at least in appearance. All right, to go on, the
archeological group followed some of these passages and encountered
larger chambers in which numerous un-described implements were
discovered. The implements evidently differed from one chamber to
another, but one item was found in common in each of the chambers--
the stone disks I mentioned earlier. Apparently in each of the
chambers they were found in the same position--on a smooth cube of
rock, glazed just as the tunnels were, with anywhere from Seven to
twenty of the disks neatly stacked on top."
"I take it," Sanders said as the scientist paused, "that there
is something especially significant about these disks?"
"Very much so, President Sanders. Each of them was twenty-two
point seven centimeters in diameter by two centimeters in
thickness, which is about three-quarters of an inch thick by nine
inches in diameter. Each disk also had a perfectly circular
two-centimeter hole in the Exact center. The edges of the disks
were regularly indented all the way around, almost like a cogwheel,
though neither sharply defined nor amorphous. Somewhere in between
the two, almost like the fluting on a pie crust. however, we've
yet to come to the most peculiar characteristic of the disks. Each
had a twin groove which began at the center hole and gradually
moved in an Expanding spiral counterclockwise manner to the outer
rim. The individual disks bore a certain similarity to the
phonograph records of today. There were evidently slight
differences from disk to disk in the actual grooving, but the basic
similarity was standard."
"What about the other items--the implements?"
"Dr. Chow did not comment to any length on what the other
items were that were stored in the chambers or what has happened to
them, but he did say that all of the stone disks were removed and
taken for study to the Peking Academy of Prehistory."
"How many were there?"
"A total of seven hundred sixteen of them."
"Nothing was heard about this discovery," Irma Dowde said,
after changing ears again, "by Western world scientists for the
next twenty-seven years. During that period, Dr. Chow says, the
disks were being studied intensively in a project headed by
Professor Tsum Um Nui at the Peking Academy."
"Question," the President said. "Before we get too far away
from the area where these disks were originally discovered, did Dr.
Chow say anything about that particular region--who inhabits it?
What it's like?"
"As a matter of fact he did, Mr. President, in passing. But
it does bring out another curious element which has a distinct
tie-in later on. The Bayan Kara Ula Mountains area is one of the
most isolated and least known areas on earth today. The nearest
city of any consequence is Lhasa, Tibet about four hundred miles to
the south through virtually impassable terrain. It is an area
presently inhabited by two tribes of very unusual people."
"Unusual in what respect?
She sighed. "They simply do not fit into any racial category
established by anthropologists for the races of the world. For one
thing, they are both of pygmy stature. The tallest and shortest
adults have measured at four feet seven inches and three feet six
inches respectively, but the average height is four feet two
inches. They are yellow-skinned. Their heads are dis-
proportionately large and sparsely haired, and their eyes are large
but not Oriental in aspect, with pale bluish irises. Their
features are very nicely formed, most nearly approximating
Caucasian, and their bodies are extremely thin and delicate. Adult
weight is estimated by Dr. Chow to average, in our system of
weights, about thirty-eight to fifty-two pounds. The tribes call
themselves Dropa and Han.
"Unusual. Very unusual," Sanders muttered. please
"The disks, as I was saying, underwent extensive study by
Professor Tsum Um Nui, interrupted at times by war. It took him
and his coworkers only a short time to discover that the spiral
grooves were not sound tracks but, rather, an incredibly ancient
writing inscribed in some unknown way and very nearly microscopic
in size. The disks were determined to be no less than three or
four thousand years old at the youngest, and more likely anywhere
from eight to twelve thousand years old. This would make them the
oldest known form of writing in the world. Deciphering was
incredibly difficult. It was twenty-four years--in 1962--before
Professor Nui and a young colleague found the key and began
laboriously deciphering. That young colleague happened to be our
present group chairman, Dr. Ho-Chung Chow. The deciphered spiral
text of the stones, even though only a small amount was completed,
was so startling in its content that the Chinese government
prohibited any publication of the papers of Nui and Chow. Then, in
1965, in a manner which Chow describes with a peculiar smile was
'very mysterious,' an article written by the Russian philologist
Vyacheslav Saizev appeared in Das Vegetarische Universum, a German
magazine, and in the Russian-English magazine Sputnik, telling
about the disks, their qualities and composition, and a little
about what had been deciphered from them. It's rather
"Dr. Chow accidentally bumped one of the disks against a
metal table, and though it didn't damage the disk, through his hand
he could feel a strange vibration. He then suspended one of the
disks with a strong line and tapped it with a metal rod. For
nearly half a minute the disk rang with a clear, perfect tone, much
in the manner of a tuning fork. Subjected to close analysis, the
disk was found to have a very high cobalt content, which in itself
is incredible in stones of such age. Further, there was a high
metallic content to them. All indications are that these disks
were at some time part of some sort of advanced and sophisticated
electrical system. The articles in both Sputnik and Das
Vegetarische Universum presented very little of the deciphered
text, but what was there was significant in light of the HAB
"'This is our story as the Dropa have given us this means
of preserving our words forever on one of their many 'ecal.'
I don't know that word 'ecal' at all," she said, "but it
evidently refers to these peculiar disks. Continuing. 'The
Dropa stopped their great sky ship in the air above us and
terrified all our people. At first our men and women and
children hid themselves in caves, but then wonder overcame
fear and they emerged. Ten times during the night smaller
ships came out of the larger ship and floated to the ground
among us, and ten times we fled into the caves before
sunlight. But then the Dropa entered our heads with calming
sounds and they made signs of friendship, and they told us
inside our heads that we should not fear them, for their
intentions were of a peaceful nature. As they worked with
their great machines nd cut into the mountains they told us of
the great disruption and flood that was to come again as it
had come so many times before and that there was little time
remaining to preserve mankind, but we did not understand. In
all our history there had been only one flood and that was the
great flood which was ending as our lives here were beginning.
The Dropa told us not to fear because this was a safe place.
Then, all but fifty of the Dropa returned to the big ship and
disappeared into it and then the big ship moved quickly from
our sight to return to the other safe place'"
"That," Irma Dowde said, " is all, up until that time that had
been deciphered from one disk. It represents only about one-
twentieth of one percent of the grooving on that particular disk.
Since Then, Dr. Chow told us the efforts at deciphering have gone
on. The entire first disk has been translate into a volume of
nearly two thousand pages... but he would not tell what else was
said there. The other seven hundred fifteen disks have similar but
more extensive double grooving however its more difficult to
decipher. No real progress was made over the years since then
until a significant key was discovered just ten years ago. Five
complete disks and a portion of another four have been deciphered.
He declined to comment at all in respect to what they revealed
except that one of the disks began by the Dropa people commenting
on their regret that the larger sky ship had been badly damaged in
the turning of the earth - his exact phraseology. The most modern
mineral dating techniques have now shown the oldest of the disks to
be approximately eleven thousand five hundred years old, and the
others spaced in between that to the latest which is approximately
seventy five hundred years old. The oldest disk is the one which
comments on the damage to the ship by the turning of the earth.
The newest is the one, evidently recorded by the progenitors of the
Han tribe, telling of the visit by the Dropas and their warning of
"The corollaries to be drawn here, Mr. President, are
momentous. If," she added with emphasis, "the ancient writings are
to be believed. And if, the entire discovery and deciphering is to
be believed. Taken in reference to Mr. Boardman's postulations,
they fit much too well to be mere coincidence. According to
Boardman, our present epoch is somewhere around seventy-five
hundred years old, which ties in perfectly with the capsizing of
the earth which he claims to have occurred about that time, and
which the Dropa were obviously aware was approaching. Again,
according to Boardman, the epoch before our present epoch--that is,
B.P. 1 lasted only about four thousand years, which again ties
neatly to the eleven-thousand-five-hundred-year dating of the
oldest disk and the capsizing of the earth to end epoch B.P. 2 and
begin epoch B.P. 1--further linked by the Dropas' referring to the
damage their large ship had suffered in the turning of the earth.
There was an Extended silence on both ends of the line as Irma
Dowde finished, and then at last the President spoke, a sense of
wonder tinged with disbelief in his voice. "You chose your word
well when you said it was startling, Dr. Dowde. It's an awful lot
to chew. It also opens one hell of a keg of worms. My immediate
reaction is to be Extremely skeptical of any ancient race on earth
having had the ability to fly."
"I think we've all felt that way, sir, but we're coming up
with an enormous number of references to the ancients having had
the power of flight. This is especially true, sir, with the
Chinese. There are numerous accounts of the Chinese having built
flying machines only to have each in turn--and sometimes the man
who built it as well--destroyed by the emperor then in power
because of the dangerous potential it had for war. I think, Mr.
President, that maybe it's time we began treating such stories with
our minds more open."
"Touche," he said. "My own words coming back to haunt me.
You're correct, of course. All right, assuming they possessed
flight ability, is there any indication where the so called big
ship of the Dropas came from and where it went?"
"Nothing concrete insofar as where the ship came from, but it
certainly leads to speculation.... the translation says 'to the
other safe place' signifying that for the coming flood and
destruction the Dropa were predicting, there were only two safe
places. That, again ties in with boardman's theory regarding the
pivotal points as being safe at the time the earth was
"Dr. Vyacheslav Saizev, the Russian philologist who wrote the
pieces which appeared in the two magazines, mad a discovery on his
own. Tracing rumors of unusual rock paintings and cave paintings
in the far SE USSR fairly close tot he border of Kirgz, SSR, near
a little village called Fergana. It's just over a thousand miles
from where the stone disks were found... he finally found a small
area of caves in which there were some of the most incredible
prehistoric rock paintings ever discovered.
"...the painting of particular interest depicts an
individual, somewhat stylized but more in the manner of a picasso
stylization than the usual stick figure types commonly observed in
ancient cave paintings. Saizev estimates an age of about nine
thousand years to the painting. The individual pictured is dressed
in what can only be some form of spacesuit. A large, clear globe
encircles his head and appears held to the collar by a row of rivet
heads or locknuts of some kind. Positioned in front of his mouth,
which is open in speech, is an Excellent representation of a
microphone, from which wires come out the bottom and attach to some
sort of power pack. There are numerous dials and gauges on the
suit, without exception connected to thick wires draped in layers
over his right shoulder and coming from his back. The seams of his
suit are clearly visible and he is wearing heavy gloves. His head,
incidentally, is large for his body. There are flames erupting
from the right side of the clear globe over his head and the right
side of his face appears to be burning. His expression is somewhat
agonized and he seems to be calling for help into his microphone.
But--and this is what is so significant, sir," she added, becoming
more excited, "in his gloved hand, the right hand, he holds at
chest level an exact duplicate of the Chinese stone disks, complete
to hole in the center, grooving and the peculiar cog-fluting on the
outer rim. So accurate is the painting that the grooving can be
seen emanating in counterclockwise manner from the center hole to
the outer rim, identically to those found in the tunnels in the
Bayan Kara Ula Mountains. That's all I have on it."
The President was silent Except for a faint, wondering
"Hmmmm," just barely audible to the archeologist. After a moment
Dr. Dowde spoke again.
"Shall I go on with the final item, sir?"
"Yes, of course. forgive my lack of comment." He gave a short
laugh. "It's just that I'm overwhelmed."
"All of us are, Mr. President. Even the most skeptical. I'll
finish now as quickly as possible. This last matter is an item of
my own deduction since leaving that meeting this afternoon. As you
may recall from John Grant's summary of the HAB Theory, Mr.
Boardman postulates a shifting of the earth on its axis of
approximately eighty degrees at the time of the capsizing action.
What I wanted to determine was this: under the assumption that the
deciphered message was accurate and the so-called big sky ship left
the Chinese safe area for the 'other safe place,' then where was
that other place? Fortunately, the manager of the Waldorf has a
very nice world globe in his office and allowed me to use it
shortly after I left the meeting. The alleged 'safe area' in China
where the stone disks were found lies at approximately ninety
degrees east longitude. Thus, the other safe place should be
located a hundred seventy degrees from there, which allows for the
earth shift of eighty degrees instead of a full ninety. That would
take it to eighty degrees west, on the opposite side of the earth.
That line of longitude, Mr. President," she added softly, "passes
through Peru and Ecuador."
. [What follows is a dramatic tool of
the author, in telling the story via
PERUVIAN MYSTERY INTRODUCED
Dr. Eva Tobazo, professor of prehistory at the University of
Santiago, has brought up for consideration by HAB Theory Symposium
scientists in New York a Peruvian mystery of many years ago.
Dr. Tobazo pointed out that a number of vases were found in
the Nazca District not far from Pisco, Peru, in the 1920s by Dr.
Julio Tello. The enigma lies in the fact that paintings on the
vases depict llamas with five toes.
"The llama of our present age," she told a group in the
Regency Hotel, "has only two toes, but in an earlier evolutionary
period the animal went through tens of thousands of years ago, they
had five toes."
Tibetan folklore of "sky people no larger than an eight-year-old
child, but with large heads, who landed from the heavens in a ship
near one of the villages." According to the ancient story, the
little sky people approached the village and made efforts to
communicate, but the villagers considered them harbingers of evil,
killed several of the "Heaven Devils," and chased the others into
the hills, but they escaped into "smooth tunnels" which the vil-
lagers feared to enter, but which they thereupon sealed with rocks
. . .
New York Daily News
CHOW REVEALS SECOND CHINESE DISCOVERY
Dr. Ho-Chung Chow, University of Peking archeologist, who
Friday stunned members of the HAB Symposium with his relation of an
immensely important archeological discovery unknown to the Western
world for a quarter of a century, today added another note oś eX-
citement to the discussions
Chow related that a colleague in his department at the
university, Dr. Chi Pen Lao, was Exploring caves in July 1961 in
Hupeh Province west of Yoyang. In the Hohan Mountains at the south
shore of Tungf Ting Hu (a large lake) he entered a cave and
followed it inward and downward. At 32 meters (105 feet) beneath
the surface he encountered a large domed room with glazed walls,
from which numerous squared tunnels moved off deeper into the
mountains in a confusing, interconnecting network. As in the main
chamber, the tunnels had a glazed surface as if they had once been
Chow described some of the unusual items found by Dr. Lao, but
stressed that no spiral disks had been located here. However, an
intricately rendered painting on one wall depicted a wide variety
of animals all being driven in one direction by men above them
riding on what he called "a shield-like flying platform" and clad
in very modern-looking trousers and jackets. The men held what
appeared to be long pipes to their lips, which they were pointing
toward the animals . . .
Prehistoric Deaths Said Caused by Bullets.
... lent credence to the HAB postulation that highly advanced
human civilizations may have existed in previous epochs of time and
were wiped out by the sort of worldwide cataclysm the HAB Theory
One of these skulls, presently in the Moscow Museum, is that
of a large animal called an auroch, which is a type of bison of the
Neolithic Age 1,700 to 10,000 years ago. The skull provides an
anachronistic enigma, because in the very center of its brow is a
neat circular hole of a nature which could have been caused by only
one means known to man--a bullet. Scientists heretofore have
withheld speculation about what might have caused the hole, which
is about the size of a modern .44 caliber
I bullet. Now it is being openly and very seriously discussed
as having a bearing to the HAB Theory.
Probably even more startling is a human skull with the same
sort of injury, but dated back to approXimately 38,000 years ago.
This skull is now in the collection of the British Museum of
Natural History in London. The director of that institution,
paleontologist Percival Heathly III, discussed it with his group of
HAB scientists in the St. Moritz Hotel today.
Heathly said that the skull, that of an adult mate, was
originally discovered in a cave near the Zambesi River of Rhodesia
The left side of the cranium shows a perfectly round hole 1.15
centimeters in diameter, which is approXimately the same size as
that in the skull of the auroch. The right side of the human
skull, however, has been shattered.
"Had the injury been caused by a cold weapon," Heathly said,
"such as a spear or arrow or even a round-bladed knife, there would
have had to be radial cracks emanating from the circular hole.
Further, it is most unlikely that, had it been caused by such a
cold weapon, the side of the cranium would have been so thoroughly
All the evidence points to a bullet which entered from the
left side and then, flattened continued it's course nd blew out the
right side of the cranium.
Holder glanced at his large gold watch, extracted from a vest
pocket, saw it was Exactly on the hour, snapped it closed with a
loud click, and called the morning's session to order in his most
"Dr. Bartell," he said, "yesterday you were remarking about
what you stated was evidence that past civilizations had knowledge
of cybernetics. I must say, I find that hard to believe and I'm
sure others do as well. However, we'll hear you out. Are you
prepared to conclude your remarks this morning?"
"I am," Bartell said, rising.
"Quite a number of ancient Greeks and Egyptians," he told
them, "are reputed to have had ambulatory automatons which were
powered by something called 'lightning in a jar.' These were
allegedly perfectly functioning robots which could talk and walk
and do simple household tasks. All of them, unfortunately, were
reluctantly destroyed by their owners because of public outcry--a
growing fear among those who didn't own one of the handy servants
that the gods would object to man's making and using such a
Bartell concluded with a discussion of the device which had
come to be known as the Antikythera Computer, a device discovered
in the ancient wreckage of a ship on the bottom of the Aegean Sea
near the Greek island of Antikythera. Found in 1900 by a sponge
diver, the device was an odd conglomeration of strange dials and
gears, wheels and rods, and spheres of brass and bronze. Although
badly corroded, it was possible to reconstruct what it had been,
although this had not occurred for many years. The archaeologists
who initially studied it were totally baffled as to its purpose.
They were able to date the wreckage of the ship to around 55 B.C.X
but the amphorae--wine and oil vases--found with it were more
accurately dated to 65 B.C.
'There is the strong likelihood," Bartell added, "that the
mechanical device was very ancient then. At any rate, probably
because it presented an embarrassing enigma, the device wound up in
a storage room of the National Archaeological Museum of Greece in
Athens. There it remained for nearly; sixty years, out of sight
and out of mind."
He shook his head. "It wasn't until half a century later that
the mechanism came under the close scrutiny of Dr. Derek Price of
England, who was then with the American Institute for Advanced
Study at Princeton. He made a meticulous reconstruction and wound
up with a device about the size of a large portable typewriter
case, which he positively identified as a compleX and highly
sophisticated computer and planetarium. It was designed for and
capable of advanced astronomical calculations. Dr. Price wrote of
his findings in Scientific American--the June issue of 1959--and
later stated that the device was certainly not the first or last of
its kind. He is not a man who makes rash statements and yet he
said at the time that finding a thing like this is like finding a
jet airplane in the tomb of King Tutankhamen, That, Mr. Chairman,"
he said, turning briefly to Holder, "is all I have."
... the enigma of electrical batteries having been in use over
two thousand years before in the ancient city of Babylon ....in
1938 this whole matter came to light through the efforts of the
German archeologist Wilhelm Konig. He was a highly respected
scientist who discovered in the site of ancient Babylon, not far
from present Baghdad, a large number of pottery jars designed to be
batteries. Eight years after that his speculations along these
lines were proven when a General Electric Company scientist,
Willard Gray, studied his find and then duplicated the jars and
metal rods and other paraphernalia and wound up with a workable
"Artifacts might possibly be planted on archeological sites,"
he conceded, "but there is no possible way for anyone to plant a
modern writing as an ancient document, since the age of materials
used in the writing is clearly determinable and cannot be
duplicated in undetectable manner. Because we are now on a subject
in which I have an interest and upon which I was prepared to speak,
I would like to offer this for consideration." He held up his paper
and then unfolded it. "What I have here is a copy I made of a
passage in one of India's oldest known documents, the Agastya
Samhita, which is proven to be of great antiquity. This is a
literal translation and it should be noted that while it may sound
very modern, it is confirmed as ancient. this is exactly how it is
Place a well cleaned copper plate in an earthenware vessel.
cover it, first by copper sulfate and then by moist sawdust.
After that put a mercury amalgamates zinc sheet on top of the
sawdust to avoid polarization. The contact will produce and
energy known by the twin name of mitra-Varuna. Water will be
spilt by this current into pranavayu and udanavauy. A chain
of one hundred jars is said to give a very active and
[Another passage from an ancient text, but the source was lost in
the OCR Translations]
"Take on the tip of a knife the contents of the pox
inflammation and inject it into the arm of a well man, mixing
it with his blood. A fever will follow, but the malady will
pass very easily and will create no complications.
Thereafter, the second man will forever be rendered in-
vulnerable to the same disease." When she completed reading
it, Pompara revealed that this was a passage outlining an im-
munization process against smallpox and that it was written in
the ancient Brahmin book of India known as the Sactya
Grantham, which was compiled 3,500 years ago. She added that
Edward Jenner (1749-1823) is credited with discovery of
smallpox vaccination in 1796.'"
Pompara, before relinquishing the floor, also noted that
ancient records from Thebes show that the use of penicillin was
widespread in Egypt 4,000 years ago, although Alexander Fleming
received modern credit for the discovery of penicillin in 1929.
Both the use of penicillin for the treatment of infection and the
process of vaccination for smallpox were obviously not newly
discovered at the ancient dates noted, she added, but rather they
represent medical arts which were dying at the time and which
vanished soon thereafter.
"'Other discussions during the meeting covered the use of
anesthetics in Peru and Egypt some 4,500 years ago, the successful
technique of brain surgery in hundreds of cases in Peru about the
same time and, catching many of the conferees by surprise, the use
in China of an X-ray machine in X 206 B.C., and the use of a
machine which may have combined both X ray and fluoroscope in India
in 500 B.C. In the latter example, a physician named Jivaka wrote
that he made great and good use of the machine in diagnosing the
maladies of patients, adding that "placed before a patient, it
illuminated his body as a lamp illuminates the objects inside a
house; it revealed the nature of maladies." Well, how's that for an
"Amazing," Kina repeated.
... a description of numerous tombs found in Italy, Greece,
Syria and Egypt which, when opened after thousands of years of
being sealed, contained glowing lights. In most cases the lights
were described as "glowing globes on pedestals" which emanated a
light without the generation of heat and from no observable power
One such tomb, found along the Via Appia outside Rome, was
opened in 1485 and was found to contain not only glowing lights,
but the body of a young woman coated with a strange salve. There
was no doubt that the tomb had been sealed for at least a thousand
years. When the protective salve was removed from the body of the
woman, described as being about twenty years old and of very pretty
features, the flesh was found to be as firm and whole as if she had
passed from life only moments before. The body was placed on
display in Rome for a week or two and was seen by many thousands of
visitors, but then decomposition set in and it was reburied . .
1 The original source map those copied to draw the maps of
Re'is, Ptolemy, Mercator, the portolanos and other had to have
been drawn before Antarctica was ice-covered and, in some
cases, while the continent was still located at the equator.
2 That whoever drew the original maps had an accurate knowledge
of all the continents drawn
3 That the original source maps were compiled through
utilization of a stereographic or gnomonic system of projec-
tion involving higher calculus and spherical trigonometry and
perhaps other forms of advanced mathematics. That while the
projection trigonometry used suggests the work of islands.
Dr. Shepard wants to believe that the lost section of the map
still exists somewhere and says he'll probably be spending the
rest of his life searching for it. And that brings us,
finally, to the maps he has found recently and their rela-
tionship to what he's involved in deeply right now.
"As you know, sir, he found the three old maps last May. One
was more a curio than anything else, but the other two he has
definitely traced back to AleXandria--one of them having been drawn
by Claudius Ptolemy. Drawn by him, but not originating with him--
but I'll get back to those in a moment. His project, as you also
know, began a long time before he found those maps known to man,
and he can glance at an old map and almost instantly tell you if
it's a Ptolemy or Mercator, a Re'is or Zeno, a Finaeus or De
Canistns or Ben Zara or whatever. The old maps have told him a
great deal. They've underlined their findings of Hapgood and
Mallery and others, but they've shown more than that, too. He's
studied them all in the light of these newest developments and has
found facts they've included which have heretofore been ignored for
the most part.
"The Oronteus Pinaeus Map of 1531, for example, not only also
shows the Antarctic continent just as the Re'is map of 1513 does,
but it has a subtle and important difference. No rivers are shown
far in the interior of the continent; they're all pretty much
rivers flowing from the coastal ranges, not ice covered, into the
sea. To Dr. Shepard, this is clear indication that the original
map from which the Oronteus Finaeus map was copied was not quite as
old as the original from which Re'is copied."
"Simply because the absence of interior topography in the
Oronteuo Finaeus map strongly indicates that it was prepared when
the interior of Antarctica had already grown an ice cap, but that
the growth had not yet reached the coastal areas. Thus, there's a
near certainty that the Re'is map was based on an original map
drawn prior to 5495 B.C., while Antarctica was still located in the
tropics, while the Oronteus Finaeus map was based on an original
drawn probably a hundred years or 80 prior to 3995 B.C., after the
capsizing of the earth and the initial growth of the new ice cap,
but before that ice cap covered the coastlines.
"Then there's the map of another Turk, Hadji Ahmed, that's
important. The name and style are similar to Re'is, but the map is
dated 967, which is A.D. 1559, and that's five years after Re'is
was beheaded. The importance of this one is in the rendering of
Alaska and Siberia. There's always been speculation of a land
bridge once having existed, connecting Asia and North America. The
Ahmed Map shows much more than merely a land bridge. It clearly
shows the two continents with a land mass, not a bridge, connecting
them, a mass over a thousand miles wide That map hat to have been
copied from a map originally drawn prior to the last capsizing of
"Dr. Shepard points out that the Zeno Map also shows Greenland
as two islands, and that point of fact was proven by the French in
the late 19408. There's the Ibn Ben Zara Map, also drawn at
Alexandria, which is one of the finest and most incredibly accurate
in coastal detail, and which may have been the model for all the
portolanos which followed, but which was never improved upon.
"A big and important difference," Grant went on, "according to
Dr. Shepard, crops up in the Stone Map of China this one was
superbly engraved in stone in AD. 1137, but obviously the original
map existed long before that. Its importance lies not in the
coastal delineations of China, but in the phenomenal topographical
detail of inner China--with all river systems depicted with every
bit as much accuracy as we can achieve today using the most
advanced geological surveying techniques, including extensive
"there are others, sir, which Dr. Shepard remarks on, which
have equal importance in whole or in part--the 1502 Portuguese map
by De Canerio; the Benincasa Chart of 1508; the Reind Chart of
1510, which is also PuhgueJe, and which depicts Australia; the 1484
Venetian Map from Italy They're all of the same ilk. They show a
mapping ability far ahead of the abilities of the people who
possessed them and who copied them.
...view of the entire Middle East in about the year 235 B.C.,
giving exact locations of villages and cites whose existence up
until now has been either unknown or only vaguely suspected. It
shows travel routes, both land and water, which are largely
unknown. These are all placements made by Ptolemy through his own
knowledge, but it is evident that the basic outline of the map was
copied by him from a much older chart."
On two margins of the map and partially on the third, Claudius
Ptolemy has, in his own hand, written an account of the origin of
the map he copied, insofar as he knew its original. He states that
the map--the original one salvage on a material he called ulgiz,
which was of an almost indestructible nature, but upon which words
could not be written or even drawn by anyone Except Qandhi.
"Ptolemy goes on to say that as a reward he doesn't say for what--
the Qandhi chart was handed down for many generations by the
ancestors of the family of Topthopi, who was a priest of Memphis
during the reign of Teti. That places it finally in the Seventh
Dynasty which in our calendar, began in 2294 B.C. and lasted until
2132 B.C. Apparently it was ancient at that time. It was Topthopi
who took it out of the family heritage and placed it in the library
of the Temple of Ptsh. It remained there until just before the
destruction of that temple and its library collection in 300 s.c.,
when it was removed with many other Qandhi charts to the Library of
"That was where Ptolemy saw it. Claudius Ptolemy copied it as
the final chart in a series of copies he had made from the Qandhi
charts. In his words, he 'brought it forward' to modern use,
evidently referring to his addition of the cities, villages, paths,
and other markings added by himself. Among many other items spoken
of in his marginal writing, Ptolemy said the Qandhi chart material
would withstand immersion in water and exposure to sunlight or
flying sand, and that it could be rolled but not folded or torn or
...false premise that the equatorial bulge is rigid immovably
solid, but recent geological studies show that fact it is a ridding
ring of earth materials which, when forced to do so by tremendous
pressures, becomes relatively plastic in constitution. As such, it
both can and does rearrange its constituent parts to accommodate
itself to pressures being brought against it. The equatorial bulge
begins to compensate for being moved away from the peak of
centrifugal force. It begins move back toward that force, flowing
beneath the crust of earth's surface, its forces attempting to
overcome resistance to movement manifested in the hard rock
stratifications. The bulge appears to move at this time like a
underground wave, analogous to the movement that can created by
gripping one edge of a carpet, raising and jerk it downward and
thus causing a large bulge to move beneath it. But, at best, it
is a relatively slow movement compared to that of the ice cap, and
it is one that is tremendously disruptive to the earth's surface,
resulting in considerable earthquake and tidal wave activity.
Surface Disruption. Wholly incalculable kinetic energy
develops from the movement of the poles and the shifting the
earth's equatorial bulge. Virtually the whole of the sea is in
disruptive movement at this time. The kinetic energy thus
developed is absorbed through a whole series of surface
transformations - crushing wrinkling, splitting, descending,
bending, stretching. The formation of mountain chains and equally
extensive rifts in earth's surface results. The mountain ranges
and rifts are at or very near right angles to the forces expended.
An example of such folding or wrinkling is the great ridge
extending from the Arctic to antarctic along the western edges of
the North and South Mexican continents, forming the Andes and
Rockies-Sierra Nevada chains presently existing.
An example of stretching and splitting is the Great Rift alley
of Africa, extending from the Mediterranean all the way southward
across the face of Africa nearly to its southern terminus.
Examples of the crushing, elevating and bend are seen everywhere
on the globe in the form of uplifted strata and geological rubble
areas. Isolated mountains of the type of Stone Mountain in
Georgia, Steamboat rock at Dinosaur National Monument in Utah,
Table Mount in Africa, the Rock of Gibraltar off southwestern Euro-
pe, and Ayers Rock in Australia--all are clear evidence of
elevation through vertical geologic fault, with the mass of earth
material raised, exposing the lamination of strata that have been
buried as much as three miles or more below I earth's surface.
The distinct formation of warpage and bending and elevation in
some areas, the wrinkling in others, the stretching and writhing in
still others, but none of these as a general reaction across the
face of the earth, provides corollary evince in support-of the HAB
Theory. This is especially true in relation to rifts and wrinkles.
The rifts most likely occur at the beginning of the capsize
movement, for rigid land masses are suddenly pulled with credible
force and stretch as far as their physical properties allow, and
then split to relieve the incredible pressure. Wrinkles most
likely occur toward the cessation of the capsizing movement, for
the slowdown and stop are so abrupt the momentum of continental
masses cannot properly adjust to it and an accordion like pileup of
earth materials occurs, resulting in the altering of many
horizontal tiers of strata to vertical or near-vertical position
and similarly lying sync lines and antidines of strata....